The occupation of the Netherlands by the Germans had various consequences for our citizens and our country. Here are a few examples:

1. Freedom

There was no freedom of the press and was a censuring of all information. The press was unable to write what it wanted. The German leaders determined what was and was not allowed in the newspapers.

2. Food
Due to a lack of food, clothing and other goods, a rationing system was created. Ration tickets were used to distribute food and goods fairly among the population. (photo: ration tickets)

3. Resistance
During the occupation there was passive and active resistance taking place.  The passive resistance included not listening to the Germans, but instead listening to the illegal radio (via the BBC), reading illegal newspapers and spreading the slogan Oranje Boven (Orange on Top)
Active resistance was life threatening. Think about: the printing of illegal newspapers, forging documents for the Jews, helping those in hiding, helping the allied forces and carrying out attacks against the Germans and the collaborators. A very famous example of active resistance was the Februaristaking (February Strike). More about the February Strike:

The February Strike of 1941

4. Jews
The Germans began to persecute the Jews and took anti-Semantic measures. Jews were forced to wear the Star of David on their clothing. They were no longer permitted to come to certain areas and could no longer live everywhere.

5. Collaboration
During the occupation some of the Dutch helped the Nazis. They were supporters of the NSB (National-Socialist Movement in the Netherlands). These were the Dutch citizens who supported Hitler and his government.

6. Hunger Winter
In the last year of the war, there was a very cold winter (1944-1945). Especially in the cities and in the west of the Netherlands food and fuel were very scarce. Between 15.000 and 25.000 people died from hunger during that time.

In this video you can see the life stories of people during the war. These eye witnesses talk about what life was like during the occupation.

Voedselbonnen